Eight months ago, the world witnessed a pivotal moment in the global effort to protect, conserve, and restore nature. The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF), championed by China and supported by Canada, emerged as a beacon of hope for biodiversity conservation worldwide. In delivering the GBF, nations collectively articulated a comprehensive blueprint that goes beyond mere rhetoric, outlining a pathway to safeguard the delicate balance of our ecosystems for the benefit of all humanity.

The magnitude of this commitment is underscored by the unprecedented challenges posed by biodiversity loss. The GBF represents not just a set of ambitious targets, but a shared recognition that the health of our planet is intricately connected to the diversity of life it sustains. As the world grapples with environmental degradation, climate change, and the imminent loss of countless species, the GBF serves as a rallying cry for urgent, collective action. It is a testament to the global community’s acknowledgment of the need for transformative change in the way we interact with and protect our natural world.

Ambitious Commitments to Halt and Reverse Biodiversity Loss

Within the GBF, nations made bold commitments to address the urgent issue of biodiversity loss. The agreement included targets to protect 30 percent of terrestrial and marine environments, actively restore 30 percent of land and marine areas by 2030, and mobilize $30 billion in funds by the same deadline. However, the scope of the commitment goes beyond these headline figures.

Comprehensive Targets: Beyond the Numbers

The GBF signifies a monumental pledge to halt and reverse biodiversity loss. This entails a commitment to reduce nutrient introduction into the environment by at least half, mitigate the risks of pesticides and hazardous chemicals by 50 percent, decrease the rate of introduced invasive species, and eliminate or reform harmful subsidies, reducing them by $500 billion per year by 2030.

The Urgency of Early Action

With a tight seven-year timeline for achieving these ambitious targets, early implementation is crucial. The urgency of the situation underscores the significance of financing and means of implementation. Recommendations to the Chinese government highlight the need for an updated National Biodiversity Strategy, private sector involvement, and swift action to achieve the 30×30 target.

Financing the Global Biodiversity Framework

A critical cornerstone in the pursuit of the ambitious Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) targets is securing adequate financing, especially for developing economies facing unique challenges in biodiversity conservation. In response to this imperative, a significant stride has been taken with the establishment of the Global Biodiversity Framework Fund, marked by initial contributions from Canada and the UK. This collaborative effort signifies a shared commitment to providing the financial means required for effective implementation.

Encouragingly, the focus now shifts to rallying potential donors to contribute to this fund, recognizing the collective responsibility to ensure its success. The emphasis is on fostering a diverse pool of financial support by integrating various sources of international financing. Furthermore, the call is to explore innovative green finance mechanisms, aligning financial strategies with sustainability goals. As the global community unites in this financial endeavor, it becomes a beacon of hope, demonstrating the commitment to preserving the world’s biodiversity for current and future generations.

A Holistic Approach to Conservation

The imperative for biodiversity conservation extends beyond mere protection; it demands the restoration of degraded ecosystems. A stark reality confronts us, with 40 percent of terrestrial land already facing degradation, amplifying the urgency of restorative efforts. In this context, initiatives such as China’s Shan-Shui project and the globally recognized UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration take center stage, offering holistic approaches to rejuvenate our planet’s natural balance.

China’s Shan-Shui project, initiated in the 1990s, stands as a testament to the nation’s commitment to ecosystem restoration. This comprehensive initiative spans across agriculture, forest conservation, river restoration, and more, showcasing a multifaceted strategy to reclaim millions of hectares of land. The United Nations’ ambitious goal to restore one billion hectares of land by 2030 aligns seamlessly with China’s dedication to carbon neutrality by 2060, emphasizing the interconnectedness of ecological restoration and climate action.

As we navigate the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration, these endeavors not only reclaim land but also contribute significantly to global efforts in mitigating climate change. By recognizing the importance of rehabilitating degraded ecosystems, we pave the way for a sustainable future, where the delicate harmony between humanity and nature is not just preserved but actively nurtured.

Transforming Domestic Policies

While financing is vital, transformation must also occur through domestic policy changes. The emphasis is on reshaping agricultural policies and subsidies to reduce overuse of resources, limiting fragmentation of biodiversity, and reducing food waste. The significant role of agriculture and food systems in driving biodiversity loss calls for a shift towards regenerative agriculture and conservation-oriented farming.


As we embark on this journey to safeguard biodiversity, it is evident that a comprehensive and collaborative approach is needed. Biodiversity is not confined to protected areas; it is intertwined with our economies and societies. With China leading the charge, guided by the CCICED, and supported by organizations like UNEP, the global community can collectively work towards the swift and effective implementation of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework. Together, we can build a sustainable future that respects the value of nature and includes all segments of society, paving the way for an ecological civilization.